Pediatric Dentistry” deals with the lower region of the face with the structure of children’s oral and dental diseases, preventive and curative treatment. Dentists trained in this area are called , “pedodontist”. This article has enacted the teeth of children starting primary normal periods contains information regarding oral and dental diseases.
When do the teeth begin to erupt?
Babies first tooth begins to erupt approximately 6 months. However, the continuation of teeth or tooth to take most of the time delay observed. Late erupting of the teeth are usually associated with genetic predisposition; but systemic diseases which delay teeth eruption should not be ignored. These diseases are thyroid, parathyroid and lack of growth hormone in general preventing the growth ands development.
There are tooth buds of newborn. At birth, all the milk teeth buds (germ) and all mounds of first permanent molars (six-year-old tooth) are consisted.
Teeth last for 4-8 months:
If there is a slight ridge in the upper cutters, this shows the eruption of the incisors on the upper left and right side. Lower and upper-middle relievers erupted. Sliding is sequenced as first upper-middle incisor, then upper-edge incisors and later down-edge incisors
Teeth last between 8-11 months:
All the lower and upper-middle and lateral incisors are erupted
Teeth last for 11-15 months:
All the lower and upper-middle and lateral incisors are erupted. The upper side incisors last for 12 months before lower side incisors. Then, the first molars of milk starts eruption.
Teeth last between 15-21 months:
At the 18 months of age, milk canine teeth is erupted.
Teeth last between the ages of one and a half - two and a half
The second upper and lower milk molars are also erupted. Milk teeth are completed one year after it took root calcification of the crowns. Permanent first molar teeth evaporates at the age of six. Six years old tooth, takes behind the current milk teeth at the age of teeth. Children and parents confuse with the age of six teeth and milk teeth. This is just the chewing surface of teeth for several months before placing them where there is complete may be riding. Food debris can cause cavities. Sometimes the inflammation of the gums occurs.
What are common symptoms in children while teeth?
During the continuation of primary teeth some general and regional changes are observed in infants. These are loss of appetite, weight loss, diarrhea, restlessness, increased saliva flow, itching and redness in the gums. There is no cure for the elimination of these findings. However, gel can be used externally to feed the baby comfortably and relief of the pain. In addition, some syrups can be used to resolve the itching.
When should be the first visit the dentist?
Children should be taken to the dentist for the first dental check after it evaporated. After that children should visit to the dentist every 6 months in order to control. Clinical examination by a dentist of the child is two-fold:
This region in the head-side inspection the size, shape and ratios are observed.Any swelling, asymmetry in children older than six years , restriction, or lower jaw examined. Swelling by palpation and visual inspection, the softness of the detection and examination of lymph node should be performed. After that the examination of the lower jaw joint is done. Pain and sounds are evaluated.If children have eye and the nose and sinus examination, exophthalmos, blue sclera, low eyelid, and nasal congestion should be considered.
This study examined the teeth, mouth open, teeth and soft tissues, while the observations made in case of closing the covers. Examination begins with analyzing the inner and outer lips. Later, buccal mucosa, frenulums, hard palate, pharynx, sublingual, parts and tongue are examined. Color changes, acute and chronic fistula (fistula) or swelling are checked.
What do dentist recommend parents?
Parents are given information about the child’s oral and dental health. Inspection to pedodontiste or dentist every six months is recommended.
What should be done while the permanent teeth in the mouth lasted for milk teeth?
The most frequently seen in the lower front teeth Intraoral examination. Ektopikeruspiyon ” is the abnormal continuance of tooth. Persistent tooth and cutter are susceptible to lead ectopic. This situation can cause milk breakers to melt early stem. Early melting of the roots of the second milk molars in the back is another example of ectopic. Ectopic riding is usually between the ages of 5-8. If 7-year-old lost a child have milk canines or molars unerupted permanent eruption suspected. When the lower front teeth falls off or drawback., ectopic riding milk-breakers spontaneous remission. A simple wire to the teeth of ectopic teeth located between the many treatment options available to orthodontic appliances. The replacement forces are applied to the teeth in order to let them to erupt suitable places. For this purpose, children are directed to the dentist.
When does tooth brushing start?
Dental care starts in infancy is the first steps for Preventive education and dental care which will be required during the life. It is believed that, group of microorganisms that cause tooth decay in general, “StreptococusMutans” causing microorganisms from mother to child is usually 9-36 month period. This is why the mother’s dental health is very closely related to the child’s dental health. Infants oral care should begin with the first tooth eruption.
Mouth and teeth cleaning should be done by the mother through a clean piece of cloth. The toothbrush can be used in children since 1 year. Shaking the child’s mouth cannot process without considering or low-fluoride-containing toothpaste, tooth brushing process can be done using children’s toothpastes. Achievable considering the child process is an effective tooth cleaning, tooth brush should be used by parents. Following brushing teeth process, tongue surface must be brushed. At the first examination, baby’s medical and dental story is listened. Intra-oral examination is done the first visit of patient and the patient’s susceptibility to tooth decay is evaluated. Development, fluoride needs, except for normal eating habits (bottle, pacifier, etc.). Injury prevention, oral hygiene directed to patients in terms of eating habits, the effects on the teeth. During the first visit to the dentist or Pedodontist life is important for the acquisition of knowledge which may be useful for the baby.
What are the measures to be taken tooth decay in children?
The first transaction made in order to prevent dental fluorosis is to have a good oral hygiene. For this purpose, the teeth should be brushed at least 3 times for 2 minutes. dental floss and mouthwashes as an aid for toothbrushes can be used after five years only by your dentist advice. One of the techniques with proven efficacy in the prevention of dental fluorosis “fluoride” to achieve compliance.
Diseases caused by inflammation of the gums; seen in humans and mammal animals. Inflamed gums melt jaw bone of the tooth for many years and causes tooth loss by shaking. Cause of death in the lions; teeth to fall out, then fall after the plants die hungry wolves, jackals and birds by the defeating. Unless brushing your teeth, deleted from cotton or white cloth over teeth bad-smelling yellow-colored dirt on the cloth, cotton or deleted is located. Plaque size of a small sugar cube has 170 billion microbes1cubic centimeters. If the teeth brushed on a regular basis 3 times a day, the dirt disappears, and the surrounding area regains and the health of teeth. If gingivitis has proceeded and brought with bone destruction, subgingival curettage, flap surgery Gingivectomy and biomaterials are applied. The mouth of the tooth is provided. No teeth can be nice to one’s own teeth.
The causes of gum disease:
1 – Poor Oral Hygiene
2 – Excessive consumption of sweet
3 – Smoking
4 – Genetics
5 – Pregnancy-puberty
6 – Stress
7 – Birth control drugs, some heart medicines
8 – Diabetes
9 – Poor Nutrition
Stress: Stress is a predisposing cause of hypertension, cancer and many other diseases. It is also a risk factor for periodontal disease. By disrupting the body’s defense system, prepare the way for periodontal disease.
Drug use: Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) antidepressants and certain heart medications affect oral health. reaching an agreement about the side effects of drugswith doctors, dentist and pharmacist is important.
Teeth grinding: Have you ever been told that you grind your teeth at nigth? Do you have a toothache in the exam or solving a problem?Are you tired when you wake up? By damaging the tissues supporting the teeth clench or grind teeth, accelerates tissue destruction.
Diabetes: Diabetes is associated with different levels of sugar in blood and the various types of hormonal disorder.It is known as ‘hidden diabetes’ as well. If you are diabetic, you are open to infection and periodontal diseases. These infections are preparatory for periodontal disease and accelerate the development of existing disease.
Poor nutrition: Poor nutrition reduces the body’s resistance, weakens the body’s defenses against diseases. Periodontal disease is a serious infectious disease, so poor nutrition destroys the gums.
Other systemic diseases: every kind of disease disrupts the body’s immune system also affects the status of the gums.